Nighttime testing scenarios will require facilities to create heated soft pedestrian targets to more accurately simulate real driving situations. These targets mimic human body temperature and allow for thermal camera testing not currently feasible with existing regulatory testing protocols. Currently, only unheated standard targets developed to simulate pedestrians have been agreed upon by testing agencies. Adding heat to the targets will allow thermal cameras to showcase the value they bring to safety features in daytime, nighttime and other challenging conditions. Beyond automatic braking testing, there are a significant number of autonomous vehicles testing on roadways today, which involves significantly more complex technology and capability — they are oftentimes tested without safety drivers. It is clear that standard testing protocols for braking systems need improvement, but autonomous vehicle testing also comes into question, as it is even more complex.The final piece of the puzzle to improve testing standards is growing public awareness. As it stands today, there is a great deal of consumer uncertainty over negative headlines about failing autonomous vehicles on public roads. If testing standards are strengthened and widely known, the public’s perception of advanced driver-assistance systems and AV features would change, thus driving change to make vehicles safer.